Click on text below to see the vid

Test EVERY Cow in the Food Chain

Test EVERY Cow in the Food Chain
Like Other Countries Do

Saturday, May 29, 2010


[see also:
I am not sure why Tam included
Tuberculosis, XXDR - USA: FL ex Peru 20091230.4387 but I left it.


Bovine tuberculosis - USA: (KY)

A ProMED-mail post

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Wed 26 May 2010
Source: CNBC, Associated Press (AP) report [edited]

Two beef cattle in Kentucky have tested positive for bovine
tuberculosis, and state veterinarian Robert Stout says results are
pending on a 3rd animal.

Stout said [Wed 26 May 2010] that the 2 infected cows were in a
Fleming County herd in northern Kentucky, but he said the 3 animals
didn't enter the food supply.

He said the disease was discovered when a cow from the farm was
slaughtered in Pennsylvania and tested positive. Stout said the rest
of the herd was tested, and 2 other cattle were suspected of having
the disease. One tested positive for the disease.

Stout said Kentucky has been classified as free of bovine
tuberculosis since 1987. He said that status would likely not change
if no other animals test positive in the next 6 months.

Bovine tuberculosis causes severe coughing, fatigue, emaciation, and
debilitation in cattle and results in reduced milk and meat

Humans can catch the disease from contact with infected cattle, but
that's rare.

Communicated by:

[Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is caused by _Mycobacterium bovis_. While
there are other _Mycobacterium_ spp, _M. bovis_ and _M. tuberculosis_
are among the most important, as these tend to move between animals
and people.

Disease caused by mycobacteria often develop very slowly and may take
months to years to develop. These bacteria grow very slowly and only
replicate every 12-20 hours. While the pathogenic species (those
which can cause disease) such as _M. tuberculosis_ and _M. bovis_ can
infect a human or an animal, often the individual does not know that
he has been infected. In humans, those infected but without active
disease can be treated to prevent disease from occurring. To prevent
other animals from being infected, a diseased animal must be culled
from the herd.

The disease primarily affects the respiratory tract but can also
spread to other parts of the body. The primary route of transmission
is the exchange of respiratory secretions between infected and
uninfected animals. This can be achieved through nose-to-nose contact
or by the inhalation of aerosol droplets that have been exhaled by an
infected animal. Animals may also become infected with _M. bovis_ by
ingesting the bacteria. This could occur by ingesting feeds that have
been contaminated with _M. bovis_ by other infected animals.
Carnivores may become infected with bovine TB by eating infected

Various factors affect the efficiency in which _M. bovis_ is spread
within a cattle herd. The number of infected animals shedding the
organism, as well as the number of susceptible animals present within
a herd can have an impact on the transmission of the bacteria. For
example, the more animals within a herd that are shedding _M. bovis_,
the greater the chance of an uninfected animal coming into contact
with an infected animal. The animal density of a herd also influences
the efficiency of _M. bovis_ transmission. Transmission of _M. bovis_
among animals housed in confinement facilities may be greater because
of close contact. Cattle infected with bovine TB may shed bacteria in
their feces, urine and milk, but these are felt to be a minor source
of bacterial transmission.

Environmental contamination with _M. bovis_ may play a role in the
spread of bovine TB. Survival of _M. bovis_ in the environment is
primarily affected by exposure to sunlight. Reports on the length of
survival of _M. bovis_ vary from 18-332 days at temperatures ranging
from 54-75 deg F (12-24 deg C). Under laboratory conditions, _M.
bovis_ has been isolated for up to 8 weeks from various feeds kept at
75 deg F (24 deg C) and 14 weeks from various feeds kept at 32 deg F
(0 deg C). However, under field conditions, it is difficult to
isolate _M. bovis_ from pastures grazed by animals known to be
infected with bovine TB.

Kentucky will be tracing all animals having moved into the herd of
origin (trace-ins) as well all animals that have moved out of the
herd of origin (trace-outs). If they find more animals that are not
related to this herd, there free status may be in jeopardy.

Portions of this comment have been extracted from
- Mod.TG]

[The state of Kentucky in the East Central US can be located on the
HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map at
Fleming County can be located on the map at
. - Sr.Tech.Ed.MJ]

[see also:
Bovine tuberculosis, cervid - USA: (MI) 20100418.1265
Bovine tuberculosis, bovine - USA (03): (NE) 20100409.1144
Bovine tuberculosis, bovine - USA (02): (MI) 20100325.0948
Bovine tuberculosis, bovine - USA: (SD) 20100107.0065
Tuberculosis, XXDR - USA: FL ex Peru 20091230.4387
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (12): (MN), cervid 20091222.4315
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (11): (IN) cervid 20090804.2742
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (10): (IN) cervid, bovine 20090714.2508
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (09): (IN) cervid, bovine 20090711.2480
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (08): (IN) cervid, bovine 20090628.2343
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (07): (MN) cervid 20090625.2307
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (06) (NE) (02) 20090620.2270
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (05): (NE) 20090613.2198
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (04): (TX) conf. 20090613.2195
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (03): (NE) cattle, elk 20090603.2060
Bovine tuberculosis - USA (02): (ND) 20090514.1811
Bovine tuberculosis - USA: (TX), susp 20090423.1536
Tuberculosis, captive wildlife - USA: (NE) 20090414.1423
Tuberculosis, hospital exposures - USA: (IL) susp. 20090412.1398]
ProMED-mail makes every effort to verify the reports that
are posted, but the accuracy and completeness of the
information, and of any statements or opinions based
thereon, are not guaranteed. The reader assumes all risks in
using information posted or archived by ProMED-mail. ISID
and its associated service providers shall not be held
responsible for errors or omissions or held liable for any
damages incurred as a result of use or reliance upon posted
or archived material.
Donate to ProMED-mail. Details available at:

Visit ProMED-mail's web site at .
Send all items for posting to:
(NOT to an individual moderator). If you do not give your
full name and affiliation, it may not be posted. Send
commands to subscribe/unsubscribe, get archives, help,
etc. to: For assistance from a
human being send mail to: owner-promed@promedmail

No comments: